Deaths of Despair- References


1 World Health Organization. Non-pharmaceutical public health measures for mitigating the risk and impact of epidemic and pandemic
influenza; 2019. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO. [Table 1 on page 3 refers to quarantine of exposed individuals, which is “not
recommended under any circumstances”. The document does not use the term lockdown]
2 Arjun Walia. Sweden has had schools open, over one million kids & no deaths.
has-schools-open-millions-of-kids-no-masks-no-lockdown-no-deaths/ (Retrieved August 6, 2021)
3 Alix Culbertson. Coronavirus: No child known to have passed COVID-19 to adults, global study finds. Sky News. April 30, 2020.
(Retrieved August 18, 2021); see also Brandal Lin T, Ofitserova Trine S, Meijerink Hinta, Rykkvin Rikard, Lund Hilde M, Hungnes Olav,
Greve-Isdahl Margrethe, Bragstad Karoline, Nygård Karin, Winje Brita A. Minimal transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from paediatric
COVID-19 cases in primary schools, Norway, August to November 2020. Euro Surveill.2021;26(1):pii=2002011.
4 Dr. Paul Alexander, Interview with Take Action Canada. June 24, 2021.
(Retrieved August 14, 2021)
6 Julius Ruechel. The Lies Exposed by the Numbers: Fear, Misdirection, & Institutional Deaths (An Investigative Report).
May 28, 2021. (Retrieved August 13, 2021).
7 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Science Brief: Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in K-12 Schools and Early Care and
Education Programs – Updated. (July 9, 2021)
8 Audrey Unverferth. Johns Hopkins Study Found Zero COVID Deaths Among Healthy Kids. July 21, 2021. (Retrieved August 19, 2021)
9 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Pediatric Flu Deaths During 2019 – 2020 Reach New High. (Retrieved August 6, 2021)
10 Julius Ruechel, ibid. Cao, S., Gan, Y., Wang, C. et al. Post-lockdown SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid screening in nearly ten million
residents of Wuhan, China. Nature Communications 11, 5917 (2020).
(Retrieved August 14, 2021).
11 Kate McCullough. McMaster Children’s Hospital reports rise in ‘more serious’ suicide attempts. March 18, 2021
(Retrieved August 6, 2021)
12 All Ontario: Case Numbers and Spread. (Retrieved August 14, 2021).
13 Sonya Norris. Child and Youth Mental Health in Canada (Canadian Parliamentary Report on Hospital Impact of
Youth Suicide Attempts). Publication No. 2018-35-E. September 27, 2018.
ResearchPublications/201835E (Retrieved August 14, 2021)
14 Danyelle Khmara. With teen suicide on the rise, Tucson educators struggle to prioritize mental health. Arizona Daily Star.
December 27, 2020.
article_7db1b000-c0aa-5066-931f-fed3443e0102.html (Retrieved August 8, 2021)
15 Lisa Mullins and Lynn Jolicoeur. Mass. Psychiatrists Concerned About Increase In Suicidal Thoughts, Attempts Among Adolescents.
WBUR News. March 25, 2021.
(Retrieved August 8, 2021)
16 John Leicester. Amid Pandemic, Doctors Worldwide Report Alarming Mental Health Impact on Children. NBCDFW. March 12, 2021.
2577596/ (Retrieved August 8, 2021)
17 BBC News. Covid lockdown: Children as young as eight self-harming, doctor says. March 16, 2021. (Retrieved August 14, 2021)
18 David Cohen, Radhika Aligh. Children’s mental health: The hidden crisis of Covid laid bare. Evening Standard. January 22, 2021.
(Retrieved August 8, 2021)
19 Ryan M. Hill, Katrina Rufino, Sherin Kurian, Johanna Saxena, Kirti Saxena, and Laurel Williams. Suicide Ideation and Attempts
in a Pediatric Emergency Department Before and During COVID-19. Pediatrics Mar 2021, 147 (3) e2020029280; DOI: 10.1542/
peds.2020-029280. (Retrieved August 8, 2021)
20 Mental Health Commission of Canada. COVID-19 and Suicide: Potential Implications and Opportunities to Influence Trends in
Canada Policy Brief.
(Retrieved August 6, 2021)
21 Nadine Youssef. 4 Million cries for help: Calls to Kids Help Phone soar amid pandemic. Toronto Star, December 13, 2020.
(Retrieved August 6, 2021)
22 Peter Szperling. More children needing mental health support during COVID-19: CHEO. CTV New. January 20, 2021.
(Retrieved August 14, 2021).

23 Leeb RT, Bitsko RH, Radhakrishnan L, Martinez P, Njai R, Holland KM. Mental Health–Related Emergency Department Visits Among Children
Aged <18 Years During the COVID-19 Pandemic — United States, January 1–October 17, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020;69:1675–
1680. DOI: (Retrieved August 14, 2021).
24 Don Mitchell. Eating disorders, substance abuse increasing in youth amid pandemic, says Hamilton hospital. Global News. March 16, 2021. (Retrieved August 19, 2021)
25 Arjun Walia, ibid.
26 C Taylor, S Kampf, T Grundig and D Common. Inside Taiwan during COVID-19: How the country kept schools and businesses open throughout
pandemic. CBC Marketplace. March 21, 2020 (updated March 22, 2020).
(Retrieved August 8, 2021)
27 John Chidley-Hill. Survey of university students, faculty suggests online learning has negative impact. CBC News. November 24, 2020. (Retrieved August 8, 2021)
28 Just the Facts. Canada Without Poverty. (Retrieved August 14, 2021)
29 Kristin Rushowy. ‘Caps’ mean special education students not getting help, People for Education report says. Toronto Star. May 7, 2012.
(Retrieved August 14, 2021).
20 Caroline Alphonso, Les Perreaux. Students’ grades are dropping with shift to remote education as coronavirus pandemic takes toll.
The Globe and Mail. December 11, 2020 (Updated February 3, 2021).
shift-to-remote-education-as/ (Retrieved August 8, 2021)
31 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2019-20 Season’s Pediatric Flu Deaths Tie High Mark Set During 2017-18 Season. August 21, 2020. (Retrieved August 8, 2021)
32 Shekerdemian LS, Mahmood NR, Wolfe KK, et al. Characteristics and Outcomes of Children With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Infection
Admitted to US and Canadian Pediatric Intensive Care Units. JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):868–873. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1948
33 Maltezou, HC, Vorou, R, Papadima, K, et al. Transmission dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 within families with children in Greece:
A study of 23 clusters. J Med Virol. 2021; 93: 1414– 1420. (Retrieved August 7, 2021)
34 Patel AB, Verma A. Nasal ACE2 Levels and COVID-19 in Children. JAMA. 2020;323(23):2386–2387. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.8946





Cluster of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the French Alps, February 2020 | Clinical Infectious Diseases | Oxford Academic

The infection fatality rate of COVID-19 inferred from seroprevalence data | medRxiv 

CDC admits Schools are not a place of Covid transfer.

Asymptomatic transmission a lie

Asymptomatic COVID spread used to shut down the economy and close schools was false: in fact, it was a lie 

10 million cases and zero asymptomatic transmission

Post-lockdown SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid screening in nearly ten million residents of Wuhan, China | Nature Communications

6 feet social distancing has no basis in science

Opinion | Schools Must Reopen to All Children This Fall. Here's How. - The New York Times

Harvard doctor says 3 feet is more than enough

Opinion | Three feet of social distancing should be enough in schools - The Washington Post

Lack of evi for transmission to the home or from the school

Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in children aged 0 to 19 years in childcare facilities and schools after their reopening in May 2020, Baden-Württemberg, Germany - PubMed

Teachers not at risk of contracting from students

Leading epidemiologists 

Modelers Were ‘Astronomically Wrong’ in COVID-19 Predictions, Says Leading Epidemiologist—and the World Is Paying the Price - Foundation for Economic Education

Focusing on school closures, there never was and currently is no good reason to keep schools closed. None! Zero! Not for one more day. The CDC recently stated in a January 2021 JAMA publication “the preponderance of available evidence    from the fall school semester has been reassuring insofar as the type of rapid spread that was frequently observed in congregate living facilities or high-density worksites has not been reported in education settings in schools.”

Data and Policy to Guide Opening Schools Safely to Limit the Spread of SARS-CoV-2 Infection | Pediatrics | JAMA | JAMA Network  

Our governments appear to have colluded with unions to close schools and keep them closed based on irrational, unthinking, nonsensical, unscientific policies similar to societal lockdowns (that even work to increase transmission risk in families and households). These actions have caused known (not theoretical) and almost immeasurable harms to our children

Schools are not super spreaders

Schools Aren't Super-Spreaders - The Atlantic

Ace2 receptors in children’s nasal passage

Nasal ACE2 Levels and COVID-19 in Children | Infectious Diseases | JAMA | JAMA Network

Failing our children

We Are Failing Our Children | Discovery Institute

Teachers union paying fake science to argue against reopening schools

Science Table member paid by union for arguing school re-openings | Toronto Sun

Low in person risk for teachers

Incidence and Secondary Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 Infections in Schools | American Academy of Pediatrics  


Increase in family domestic violence during pandemic

Low rates of Covid transmission in schools

Duke, UNC study finds low rates of in-school COVID transmission - ABC11


Children are at a far greater risk of dying from seasonal influenza then Covid

Characteristics and Outcomes of Children With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Infection Admitted to US and Canadian Pediatric Intensive Care Units | Critical Care Medicine | JAMA Pediatrics | JAMA Network

Science says: 'Open the schools' | TheHill  

A Norwegian study  looked at 200 primary-school children aged 5 to 13 and who had COVID-19 (testing all contacts twice within their quarantine), found that there were no instances of secondary spread, further dispelling the notion that children play a primary role in spreading within the school setting.

Eurosurveillance | Minimal transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from paediatric COVID-19 cases in primary schools, Norway, August to November 2020

Journal of medical virology No evidence of child to child or child to adult Transmision

Transmission dynamics of SARS‐CoV‐2 within families with children in Greece: A study of 23 clusters - Maltezou - 2021 - Journal of Medical Virology - Wiley Online Library  

Masks completely unnecessary unscientific and detrimental

 The Question of Masks – AIER  

#OpenSchoolsNow | Physician Outlook

The Truth About Kids, School, and COVID-19 - The Atlantic

More than 300 health professionals call on Doug Ford to keep Ontario schools open | Toronto Sun

Sweden had schools open the entire time and not a single child death

Sweden Has Had Schools Open, Over One Million Kids & No Deaths – Collective Evolution

McMaster Children’s Hospital 300% increase in serious suicide attempt during lockdown

McMaster Children’s Hospital reports rise in ‘more serious’ suicide attempts |





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